The other works that were challenged were “The ABCs of Black History” by Rio Cortez, “Cuban Kids” by George Ancona, “Love to Langston” by Tony Medina and “Countries in the News: Cuba,” by Kieran Walsh. The reasons cited for opposing the other works include “indoctrination” and critical race theory, a graduate-level academic framework for understanding racism in the United States that focuses mainly on institutions and systems.

A committee of school representatives, including teachers, administrators, a guidance counselor and a library media specialist, decided that “Countries in the News: Cuba” could remain on the shelves. The other titles, like Ms. Gorman’s poem, were moved to shelves for middle schools students.

On Wednesday morning, Daniella Levine Cava, the Miami-Dade County mayor, invited Ms. Gorman to do a reading of the poem in the county.

“Your poem inspired our youth to become active participants in their government and to help shape the future,” Ms. Levine Cava, a Democrat, said on Twitter.

“The Hill We Climb” is a political and personal poem about national unity. At one point, Ms. Gorman reflects on what it meant for her to be in the global spotlight on Inauguration Day:

We the successors of a country and a time

Where a skinny Black girl

Descended from slaves and raised by a single mother

Can dream of becoming president

Only to find herself reciting for one.

Florida has become a center of a rapidly intensifying effort to ban books in schools in the United States. Last year, the state enacted three laws that target, at least in part, reading or educational materials.

PEN America, a free speech organization, and Penguin Random House, the country’s largest book publisher, filed a federal lawsuit this month accusing the Escambia County School District in Florida of violating the First Amendment by removing or restricting certain kinds of books from its libraries.

Nationwide, efforts to ban books are increasingly driven by elected officials or activist groups, according to a report PEN published in April. The report found that, of the nearly 1,500 book removals it tracked in the last six months of 2022, 74 percent were connected to organized efforts by activist groups and politicians, or to new laws that determine what books can be in schools.

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